How Long It Takes to Withdrawal From Percocet or OxyContin


Hotoprete.bizOxycodone withdrawal
5/17/2016
02:33 | Ethan Adamson
Oxycodone withdrawal
How Long It Takes to Withdrawal From Percocet or OxyContin

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Behavioral therapies can help recovering addicts to develop coping mechanisms for some of the triggers that may have led to self-destructive behaviors, including drug abuse, in the past. Cognitive behavioral therapy, for example, helps to modify negative thought and behavior patterns, increasing self-esteem and the image of oneself. Group and family counseling as well as peer support groups help to combat isolation and build up positive networks that the individual can lean on during recovery.

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Opioid withdrawal is rarely life-threatening, although it can be very uncomfortable. Combining Percocet or Oxycontin with other substances, especially other central nervous system depressants like alcohol, can increase the severity and duration of withdrawal as well as heighten any and all risk factors. The acetaminophen in Percocet, for example, can damage the liver, leading to further complications and long-term side effects when taken in conjunction with alcohol, which also may negatively affect the liver and possibly lead to liver failure.

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Percocet and Oxycontin both contain the opioid analgesic oxycodone. These are prescription medications designed to treat moderate to severe pain.

OxyContin is primarily oxycodone while Percocet also contains the fever reducer and non-narcotic acetaminophen.

Suboxone and Subutex were the first opioid narcotics approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Agency (FDA) for the treatment of opioid dependency to be prescribed from a doctor’s office under the Drug Abuse Treatment Act (DATA) of 2000. Medications alone are not sufficient in treating opioid dependency; psychotherapy, counseling, and support groups are also necessary to sustain long-term recovery.

Withdrawal symptoms may also include psychological side effects, such as:

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As with the severity of symptoms, the duration of withdrawal can also vary, depending on the same factors. Withdrawal generally starts within a few hours of the last dose or when the drug leaves the bloodstream. Percocet as an immediate-release version of oxycodone has a shorter half-life of around three to four hours, while the extended-release Oxycontin has a longer half-life of around 12 hours, per Clinical and Translational Oncology. Therefore, withdrawal from Percocet may begin earlier, as little as eight hours after the last dose, while Oxycontin withdrawal usually begins within 24 hours of the last dose. There is no specific withdrawal timeline for everyone, however, as individual genetic makeup is a factor.

Opioid narcotics make chemical changes in the brain’s wiring, affecting emotions and moods as well as dulling pain sensations. An estimated 26.4 million to 36 million people around the world abuse opioids, and 2.1 million Americans suffer from a prescription opioid substance abuse disorder, as published by the National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA).

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Initial withdrawal, sometimes called early withdrawal, usually begins within a few hours of the last dose and continues for a few days. Symptoms during this time are largely physical. Withdrawal symptoms are likely to peak between the first and third days, and this is generally referred to as “acute withdrawal” when all symptoms may be at their worst. Emotional withdrawal symptoms, as well as some physical ones, may last for a few weeks or even a few months, and this may be deemed post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS) or protracted withdrawal. While it may feel endless at the time, withdrawal does end, and the brain can and does heal. Several strategies and methods exist to help manage withdrawal symptoms as well.

The amount and severity of the withdrawal symptoms from Percocet and OxyContin depend on the amount the user took, the length of time he took the drug, the method of ingestion, and the severity of dependence. Being a combination drug, Percocet may have lower levels of oxycodone in each dose, while OxyContin contains more per tablet. Therefore, abusers of Percocet will likely need to take more and higher doses in order to feel the same euphoric effects. The acetaminophen in Percocet may make abusers sick when the dosage in increased, however. This may account for the generalization that Percocet withdrawal is slightly less extreme than OxyContin withdrawal. OxyContin puts more oxycodone into the brain and body, and does so more quickly with smaller doses; the withdrawal that occurs is actually from the active ingredient, oxycodone. The amount of oxycodone taken plays a central role in determining withdrawal severity.

With prolonged use or abuse of an opioid, a tolerance may develop, and higher doses will need to be taken in order to achieve the same results. A physical and psychological dependence can occur, as both Percocet and OxyContin are considered highly addictive. The Drug Enforcement Agency, or DEA, considers both of these versions of oxycodone Schedule II drugs, meaning that they have a high abuse potential that may lead to severe dependency. When the brain relies on oxycodone in order to feel “normal,” the user may experience withdrawal symptoms and drug cravings after it leaves the bloodstream or when she attempts to stop using the drug.

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Withdrawal occurs because the body and brain are scrambling to regain balance after relying on chemical interference. The more dependent the brain is on the drug, the longer it will take to restore natural stability. Physical withdrawal symptoms from oxycodone may be similar to symptoms of the flu, only more pronounced, and may include:

Buprenorphine products, including Subutex and Suboxone, are also partial opioid agonists that have the added feature of a ceiling effect. These drugs are not meant to create any “high,” and after a certain amount, the drug ceases to have any effect at all. Suboxone also contains naloxone, which is a partial opioid antagonist that blocks the opioid receptors in the brain from receiving any more opioids.

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It is not recommended to stop taking opioid medications “cold turkey” or suddenly. Instead, a medical professional may set up a weaning schedule that reduces the dose slowly and in a controlled fashion to avoid withdrawal symptoms.Opioid withdrawal can also be eased with the help of some medications. Methadone, a partial opioid agonist, has been a popular drug dispensed by medical professionals to help wean opioid abusers off opioid drugs like heroin and oxycodone. Partial opioid agonists act on the same opioid receptors in the brain as the full agonists, although at somewhat lower levels. This can help stave off drug cravings and withdrawal symptoms as the dosage is slowly lowered until no more is needed. Methadone still has the potential for abuse and dependency, however, so other medications may be preferred.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has stated that prescription drug abuse is an epidemic, with 71.3 percent of the 22,767 pharmaceutical drug overdose deaths in 2013 involving opioid analgesics. In 2012, drug overdose overtook motor vehicle crashes as the leading cause of accidental death in Americans between the ages of 25 and 64.

In addition to therapies, counseling, support groups, and medications, there are some other things you can do to ease the transition to recovery, such as:

Abuse of a prescription medication may include drug diversion, taking more than the intended dose, or altering the drug in order to snort, smoke, or inject it to get “high.” OxyContin is meant to be an extended-release medication, spreading the dose out over a period of time. When the drug is altered or crushed and then snorted or injected, the entire dose enters the bloodstream at once instead of little by little. This greatly increases the risk for a potentially fatal overdose as well as increases the odds for developing a tolerance and physical dependence on the drug.

Oxycodone withdrawal